Israel’s Historical Moments
Pick one photo from the 14 photos below that you would like to re-create and exhibit.
On the day the British Mandate over Palestine expired, just before Shabbat, the Jewish People’s Council gathered at the Tel Aviv Museum to declare the establishment of the State of Israel. Even though 350 invitations were sent out instructing the recipients to keep the information secret, the word got out and people started singing Hatikvah in the streets even before David Ben-Gurion began reading the declaration.
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The Ink Flag was a handmade Israeli flag raised during the Independence War to mark the capture of Eilat. The city was captured without a battle as part of “Operation Uvda” and was the last maneuver of the war. When Nahum Sarig, the Negev Brigade commander ordered his soldiers to make an improvised flag when he found out that the brigade did not have an Israeli flag on hand. A makeshift flag created from a white sheet inscribed with ink was raised by Avraham Adan, company commander of the 8th Battalion of the Negev Brigade.
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One of the strongest images that pops up in Israelis minds when they think of David Ben-Gurion, is this photo. Ben-Gurion is standing on his head on the beach of Hertzelia. Ben Gurion explored spiritual practices and concepts thru all his life. He practiced yoga and feldenkrais regularly and while he was Prime Minister he studied Buddhism in isolated monasteries in Burma. He also walked 7 kilometers every day!
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The Battle of Jerusalem happened in the first 72 hours of the Six-Day War in 1967. At 10 am on June 7th, two Israeli brigades entered the old city and captured all of it, including the Western wall, In this iconic photo three Israeli paratroopers are framed against the Western Wall in the old city of Jerusalem, shortly after its recapture by. This photo is often called “The Paratroopers Cry”.
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Leonard Cohen, Jewish Canadian artist, is known for his song “Hallelujah”. Cohen traveled to Israel during the Yom Kippur War for two month to perform for the Israeli soldiers in Sinai. He was performing at gathering points and bases, along with the composer Matti Caspi and Israeli musician, Pupik Arnon. In this iconic photo, Cohen is singing to the soldiers standing next to Ariel Sharon, the Israeli general and future prime minister.
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Israel – Egypt Peace Treaty was signed in Washington, D.C. on March 26, 1979, following the 1978 Camp David Accords. The historical peace process between Israel and Egypt started on November 1997, with Anwar El Sadat’s speech in the Israeli Knesset and led to the camp David Accords between the two countries. The process was completed in 1982 with the completion of the evacuation of the Sinai Peninsula and its transfer to Egypt.
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The Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between the Government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1994 and are controversial in the Israeli society. The Accords created a Palestinian Authority tasked with the limited self-governance of parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Oslo process started after secret negotiations in Oslo, resulting in the recognition by the PLO of the State of Israel, and the recognition by Israel of the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people
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The Israel–Jordan Peace Treaty was signed in 1994 at the southern border crossing between the countries – the Arabah border – by israeli Prime Minister at the time, Yitzhak Rabin and King of Jordan, Hussein. Following the agreements, Israel and Jordan opened their borders and since those days, the Israel–Jordan Peace Treaty is the most stable in the area.
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Sharon Cohen professionally known as Dana International is Israel’s first transgender pop singer. In 1998, Dana was chosen to represent Israel in Euro-vision, the longest-running annual international TV song competition. She took the first place with her song Diva and went fast into the mainstream in Israel and Europe.
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Four days before the Second Lebanon War ended, Major Tomer Buhadana and his troops went to the Lebanese village Markaba. They were asked to clear the houses in the village of terrorists and weapons. Buhadana decided to storm into one of the houses and he was shot. While loosing a lot of blood, he continued to head the force, until he was evacuated by a helicopter. When he got off the helicopter,severely wounded, he held a V sign to the media and soon this photo became one of the war symbols.
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Gilad Shalit is a former IDF soldier who on June 25th 2006, was captured by Hamas militants to the Gaza Strip. After 1,941 days (5 years and 4 months) in captivity, and a huge public struggle led by his family, he was released in an exchange 1,027 prisoners and terrorists. The agreement, that was made by a secret channel between Israel and Hamas, is the largest prisoner exchange agreement Israel has ever made and the highest price Israel has ever paid for a single soldier. The day Gilad Shalit was released is still memory for most Israelis.
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Operation Protective Edge (Tzuk Eytan in Hebrew) was a seven weeks military operation launched by Israel on July 8, 2014 in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip. The operation opened following kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers by Hamas members and Hamas firing rockets into Israel. On July 17, the operation was expanded to an Israeli ground invasion of Gaza with the aim of destroying Gaza’s tunnel system. On August 26 , an open-ended ceasefire was announced.
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The Jerusalem gay pride parade is also called March for Pride and Tolerance has happening in Jerusalem since 2002, and it has always been in a duspute, due to the religious character of the city. Twice, in 2005 and 2015, it was even marred by violence as an ultra-Orthodox Jew (same one twice) stabbed marchers with a knife, one time causing six injuries and the second time killing a 16 years old girl, Shira Banky. In 2016, the parade was dedicated to Shira Banky and happened under the headline: “We are here to stay”.
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Shimon Peres was one of the most prominent politicians and leaders in Israel. He served as the ninth President of Israel, and twice as Prime Minister of Israel. He was considered the last link to Israel’s founding generation. Peres also won the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize together with Rabin and Yasser Arafat for the Oslo Accords. Peres died on September 28, 2016 and about 4,000 mourners and world leaders from 75 countries attended his funeral. One of them was President Barack Obama who gave an eulogy.
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For more information about “Israel’s Defining Moments exhibit” click here or contact our shlicha, Chan Dahan at Israel@Jewishchattanooga.com